According to the Barents Observer, Russia plans to lay trans-Arctic fiber cable linking military installations in 2019. Starting in Severomorsk on the Kola Peninsula, the fiber-optic line will provide state-of-the art tele- and data communication to all military bases and installations across the Arctic to Vladivostok.

volga render neva 2015 01Artist impression of the Russian Navy’s ice-classed cable ship, Volga. The Volga and Vyatka cable ships designed by Khotcha Morskoe Proektirovanie Bureau are under construction. They will the first Russian vessels of the class to lay, lift, and service fiber-optic communication lines also in the extreme North. Picture by Curious via forums.airbase.ru.

Construction of the line starts next year, when special ice-classed cable ship Volga will be delivered to the north from Kerch shipyard on Crimea. A second ship, the Vyatka, will join the work expected to last until 2025. The two special-purpose built vessels will lay the fiber-optic cables at depth of up to 3,000 meters. Preparation work started at the beginning of the year, and the structural scheme for the subsea cable system is already ready.

Large amount of military communication will be transmitted in real time, from Russia’s border to Norway in the European Arctic to Vladivostok where the main base of the Pacific Fleet is located. More important, the fiber-optic high-speed data communication cable will link all existing and future military installations along Russia’s Arctic. That includes the north coast of Siberia, the Arctic archipelagoes where former Cold War military bases now are being re-commissioned one-by-one. Also, naval bases on the Kola Peninsula and in the Far East will be linked in real-time.

In total, the cable will stretch 12,700 kilometers on the seafloor across the Arctic. Reportedly, the new cable technology to be used will be tested within the area of responsibility for the Northern fleet. An experimental cable with backbone network will stretch from the coast to island bases.

Quoting military expert Dmitry Boltenkov, the newspaper says, “The trans-Arctic cable will seriously increase defense capability of the country. In real time, it will be possible to monitor the operational situation from Norway to China.”